Temporomandibular Disorder (TMD): Causes, Symptoms, And Treatment

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temporomandibular disorder tmd causes symptoms and treatment

Your jaw retains your teeth and allows them to move in different directions so they can function, which is essential for preserving your dental health. The mandible, or lower jaw, keeps the shape of your lower face and chin by supporting the base of your teeth. Your lower jaw is the most visible and sturdiest bone in the human facial skeleton.

The upper jaw, commonly referred to as the maxilla, retains the upper teeth, supports the nose, and shapes the midsection of your face.

Your jawbone articulates with the temporal bone of your skull, allowing it to carry out various functions. This joint is known as the temporomandibular joint. Any alterations or problems in this joint can lead to the development of temporomandibular dysfunction (TMD).

Pain, discomfort, and compromised jaw joint and surrounding muscle movement are some symptoms of this condition. Read this article to learn more about this disorder and how it can be treated.

Causes of Temporomandibular Disorder

A few factors are connected to the pain caused by the temporomandibular problem, even though there is no recognized explanation for the precise development of this condition. Common factors consist of the following:

  • Bruxism: aggressive grinding and clenching of teeth
  • Arthritis in joints: inflammation of the joints
  • Stress: this can lead to tightening or clenching your facial jaw
  • The movement of the soft disc that fits in the joint’s ball and socket.
  • Misalignment of teeth and jaw


The following are some of the symptoms of temporomandibular disorder:

  • Severe pain in ears
  • Difficult to chew food
  • Extreme jaw pain
  • Locking of jaw points
  • Popping sounds in the ears
  • Constant headaches

If you experience any of these symptoms, you must consult our dentist to avoid further complications in your overall health. You can also contact and schedule your appointment with our dentist in Vancouver for a diagnosis.

Risk Factors

The following factors can increase your risk of developing TMJ disorders:

  • Different types of arthritis, like rheumatoid and osteoarthritis
  • Jaw injury
  • Prolonged chronic grinding and clenching of teeth
  • Certain connective tissues that affect the temporomandibular joint can cause serious issues.


Surgery, therapy, and medication are all potential treatment options for this condition. Our dentist may prescribe sedatives, analgesics, NSAIDs, muscle relaxants, and nerve pain medications during your appointment for temporomandibular disorder (TMD) treatment near you to help you with pain relief.

TMJ therapy can also be performed without the use of medications. Some patients get relief from dental devices like mouth guards and oral splints.

Another alternative is jaw exercises. Trigger-point injections, transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation (TENS), low-level laser therapy, and radio wave therapy are also options to explore.

Other treatment options include

  • Acupuncture
  • Occlusal Treatments
  • Botulinum Toxin
  • Prolotherapy
  • Arthrocentesis
  • Arthroscopy
  • Surgery
  • TMJ implants

After TMJ therapy, you will undoubtedly experience some relaxation from your pain. If you want temporomandibular disorder(TMD) treatment in Vancouver, you can consult our dentist for the right treatment option.

Visit Abba Dental Today!

Our patient-centred dental clinic prioritizes your needs and offers the necessary care and effective treatment to address your oral health issues.

Our clinic uses advanced technologies to streamline and expedite the treatment procedure. We have a qualified professional dentist on staff to deliver quality services and offer several convenient payment options.

Contact us to learn more about the different types of dental procedures we offer, or visit our dental clinic today.

Contact us now and schedule your appointment to get personalized dental care treatment from experts.